Abiquo 5.1

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Introduction to pricing

With Abiquo pricing, you can create pricing models to match service level agreements and assign them to your tenants and resellers. Customers can obtain estimates for their virtual appliances from the pricing system. Abiquo Accounting meters tenant resource usage and Abiquo billing enables you to charge customers for this usage based on pricing.

Privilege: Access Pricing view, Manage pricing

For each datacenter, you can set separate prices, and use different currencies, and you can set cost codes for VM image templates. Create your pricing models in Pricing view, after you create and assign any supporting currencies and cost codes. Abiquo controls pricing with scopes as well as privileges to enable reseller pricing.

Click the  icon to access Pricing view. The workflow to create a new pricing model is as follows:

  1. Enter currencies
  2. Create cost codes
  3. Create the pricing model
  4. Assign the model to an enterprise

 

Abiquo 4.0.2 introduces pricing for hardware profiles in private and public cloud. See #Hardware profiles

 

Pricing currencies

The platform supports multiple currencies.

  • Default currencies are euros, US dollars, and Japanese yen
  • You cannot delete a currency that is in use
  • You must always have at least one currency
  • Each pricing model uses only one currency

To manage currencies, go to Pricing → Currencies 


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Add a new currency 

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Price resources with cost codes

The platform uses cost codes to label a set of resources such as VM templates for pricing.  When users in enterprises with a pricing model assigned deploy a VM using a template with a cost code, the pricing in the estimate will include the cost of the image.

To implement image pricing:

  1. Before you create a pricing model, go to Pricing → Cost Codes, and create cost codes with initial prices
  2. Go to Apps library → Edit VM template → Advanced, and assign cost codes (one per template). See Modify a VM Template
  3. Go to Pricing → Pricing models. Create a pricing model, and enter the prices per cost code

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Create a new cost code

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Pricing models for enterprise pricing

You can create pricing models by entering prices for the VM elements. You can clone an existing pricing model to create a new one.  The platform controls access to pricing models with scopes as well as privileges:

  • When you create a pricing model, Abiquo automatically assigns the same scope as your user role
    • The Abiquo UI does not display the scope of the pricing model
  • Users with pricing privileges can always display the pricing model of their own enterprise
    • Administrators who can switch to another enterprise can display the current pricing model of the enterprise, even if the pricing model has a greater scope
  • To display or manage the pricing model of another enterprise in Pricing view, you must have the same scope as the creator of the pricing model
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To manage pricing models, go to Pricing → Pricing models. 

Create a new pricing model

Field

Description

Name

The name of your pricing model. The name can represent a service level agreement

DescriptionDescription of pricing model
Change all resource prices

Only displays when the enterprise already has a pricing model assigned to it. Resellers can change all prices by adding this percentage. See below

Charging period

Standard period of time by which a user will be charged, such as day, week, etc. Does not have to be equal to the minimum period

Minimum charging period

Minimum period of time that a user will be charged for. This may be longer or shorter than the charging period. This value is not sent to the billing system. Note that the accounting system records the maximum usage value of a resource during an accounting period.

Currency

The currency for this pricing model. Enter new currencies in the Currency tab before you create the pricing model

Standing charge

Standing charge per Charging period. You can include this value in the pricing estimate message but the platform does not send it to the billing system

Minimum charge

Minimum charge per Minimum charging period. You can include this value in the pricing estimate message but the platform does not send it to the billing system

Show charges before deployment

Mark this checkbox to show a pricing estimate popup before deployment with the message entered in the box at the bottom of the window. See the explanation below

Insert variable

Choose a variable from the pull-down list to add to the pricing estimate message. The variables are described in the table below

Deployment message

Enter the estimate message for VM deployment, including variables. See Create a pricing estimate message

The platform uses the first pricing model for a location in a currency as the set of base prices for the location. When you create a new pricing model, you can enter a percentage to modify prices. If you then enter a resource price that is lower than the base price, the platform will highlight the price.

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The price for hypervisor datastores is below the cost price for the reseller.

Field

Description

Hypervisor Datastores GB

Price of hypervisor datastores per gigabyte. In public cloud regions, the platform does not use this value

VLANs

Price per VLAN (at least one VLAN is always created for each virtual datacenter)

Public IPs

Price per public IP address reserved

CPU

Price per virtual CPU core for deployed virtual machines. If the location uses hardware profiles, pricing does not use this value.

CPU onPrice per virtual CPU core when virtual machine is powered ON
CPU offPrice per virtual CPU core when virtual machine is powered OFF

Memory (GB)

Price of virtual memory in GB for deployed virtual machine. If the location uses hardware profiles, pricing does not use this value.

Memory on (GB)Price of virtual memory in GB when virtual machine is powered ON
Memory off (GB)Price of virtual memory in GB when virtual machine is powered OFF
Repository (GB)Price of template repository use in GB for virtual machine templates. The platform does not include conversions. In public cloud regions, the platform does not use this value
Anti-AffinityPrice per VM deployed in anti-affinity layer. In public cloud regions, the platform does not use this value
FirewallPrice per firewall attached to VM
Load balancerPrice per load balancer attached to VM

The provider can configure billing by usage or allocation.


Datastore tiers

In a private cloud datacenter, datastore tiers set service levels for storage. See Manage Datastore Service Levels with Datastore Tiers.

Persistent storage

In a private cloud datacenter, persistent storage tiers set service levels for storage. See Manage Storage

Hardware profiles

In public cloud and in private cloud datacenters with hardware profiles, see Hardware profiles.

Privilege: View datacenter details, Manage enterprises

Cost Code Prices

The cost codes for assigning to templates and hardware profiles, and their prices.

 

Create a pricing estimate message

To display pricing estimates, assign a pricing model to the enterprise. The platform will display the estimates as follows:

  •  At any time users can click the Estimate button in the virtual appliance view to display a current pricing estimate for a VM. If the user does not have pricing privileges, the platform will display the default '$' dollar symbol or the symbol configured in branding. Or if the user has privileges to retrieve the tenant's pricing model, the platform will display the currency code.

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  • Users with access to the Abiquo API can also request a pricing estimate via the API.
  • To automatically display a pricing estimate popup when the user deploys a virtual appliance or VM, when creating a pricing model, select the checkbox to "Show charges before deployment".

Configure the pricing message

The default message is: "The charge for this Virtual Appliance will be %CHARGE_FORMATTED% per %CHARGEPERIOD%, charged per %MINPERIOD%, subject to a minimum charge of %MINCHARGE_FORMATTED%. VMs in this Virtual Appliance will be: %VM_PRICES%. Resources defined in the Virtual Datacenter total %VDC_TOTAL_CHARGE% per %CHARGEPERIOD%: %VDC_PRICES%"

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The virtual appliance and VM pricing estimates only include the costs that are directly related to VMs. The virtual datacenters resources estimate includes other costs such as the VLAN cost, and the cost of datastore disks without a datastore tier, such as a cloud-init ISO. The VDC resources cost also includes public IP addresses because they are billed for the time of reservation, which may be longer than the time they are attached to a VM.

To customize the pricing estimate message, edit the message, change the text and use the standard cut and paste keys to change the location of the variables. You can also select variables to add to this message from the pull-down list. Align the message with your accounting system.

 

 

Variable

Description and example

%CHARGEPERIOD%

Charging period, for example "month".

%MINCHARGE_FORMATTED%

Minimum charge, for example 2.25 USD.

%MINPERIOD%

Minimum charging period, for example "week"

%BACKUP_PRICE

%CHARGE_FORMATTED%

Charge for the virtual machine, for example "22.50 USD"

%VM_PRICES%

List of charges per virtual machine. for example:
VM1 1.25 USD
VM2 1.00 USD 

%VDC_PRICES%List of charges per virtual datacenter resource
%VDC_TOTAL_CHARGETotal charge for virtual datacenter resources, not including VMs

Assign pricing models to enterprises

To assign a pricing model to an enterprise

  1. Go to Pricing → Enterprise Associations. This tab displays a list of pricing models and two panes of enterprises. The default display is all pricing models and all enterprises.
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Click on a pricing model to display the enterprises with this pricing model assigned in the left pane and the enterprises without it in the right pane.

  • To assign a new pricing model to an enterprise: Select a pricing model from the pull-down list next to an enterprise name to assign the current pricing model to this enterprise.
  • To remove a pricing model from an enterprise: Select a new pricing model from the pull-down list next to an enterprise to replace this pricing model OR select "None" to remove this pricing model from an enterprise without replacing it. The enterprise will now move from the left enterprise pane to the right enterprise pane for this pricing model.

You can also assign or remove a pricing model from an enterprise when you create or edit the enterprise. See Manage Enterprises

Create reseller pricing

Abiquo supports reseller pricing with pricing scope and default base prices per datacenter.

To implement reseller pricing:

  1. Create a scope for each reseller that is not the unlimited global scope
  2. Create a pricing model for each reseller and assign it to each reseller.

When the reseller first opens the Pricing view, they will see the pricing model that you created. This pricing model should contain the base prices that they will pay for virtual resources. They can then create customer pricing models using this pricing model as the base.

Remember that all users with pricing privileges can view the pricing model assigned to their own tenant. But to administer a pricing model, the user must have the same scope as the user that created the pricing model. 

When a reseller creates a pricing model for their customers, Abiquo will use the base prices from the reseller's pricing model, and then the reseller can enter a percentage to increase or decrease the base prices.

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For resource prices, Abiquo loads the existing prices and then applies the percentage change (adding the percentage of the base price they entered to the base price). They can accept the new prices or manually enter a new price for any resource. If they enter a price that is lower than the base price, Abiquo will highlight the price with red text. 

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After an administrator saves the pricing model they can then assign it to their customers. Each customer administrator should only be able to display the pricing model for their own tenant.
For a guide to pricing for resellers, see Pricing for Resellers
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